Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital

Baldness (Alopecia)

Baldness (Alopecia)

What is baldness?

Baldness, also known as alopecia, is hair loss, or absence of hair. Baldness is usually most noticeable on the scalp, but can occur anywhere on the body where hair grows. The condition is more common in men than in women.

What causes hair loss?

Hair loss is believed to be primarily caused by a combination of the following:

However, hair loss is not caused by the following:

Generally, the earlier hair loss begins, the more severe the baldness will become.

What are the different types of baldness?

Baldness can be classified into various types, depending on the cause. Several of the many different types of baldness include the following:

How is the type of baldness diagnosed?

In addition to a medical history and physical examination, a biopsy of the skin area may help to identify the type of baldness and/or its cause.

Treatment for baldness:

Specific treatment for baldness will be determined by your physician based on:

Most forms of baldness have no cure. Some types of baldness will disappear on their own. Treatment may include:

What is hair replacement surgery?

The interest in hair replacement has significantly increased over the past several years. There are a number of hair replacement techniques that are available, although hair replacement surgery cannot help those who suffer from total baldness. Candidates for hair replacement must have a healthy growth of hair at the back and sides of the head. The hair on the back and sides of the head will serve as hair donor areas where grafts and flaps will be taken.

There are four primary different types of hair replacement methods, including the following:

Possible complications associated with hair transplantation procedures:

Possible complications associated with hair transplantation procedures may include, but are not limited to, the following:

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