Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital

Radiation Therapy

Radiation Therapy

What is radiation therapy?

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill or shrink cancer cells, and to decrease their ability to divide. Radiation is often used to treat prostate cancer that is still confined to the prostate gland, or has spread only to nearby tissue. If the disease is advanced, radiation may be used to reduce the size of the tumor and to provide relief from symptoms.

What are the types of radiation therapy?

There are generally two types of radiation therapy:

What are side effects of radiation therapy?

As each man's individual medical profile and diagnosis is different, so is his reaction to treatment. Side effects may be severe, mild, or absent. Be sure to discuss with your cancer care team any or all possible side effects of treatment before the treatment begins.

Possible side effects of external beam radiation therapy for prostate cancer may include:

Along with the above effects, additional possible side effects of internal radiation therapy for prostate cancer may include:

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Online Resources of Prostate Health


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