Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital



Illustration of  the anatomy of the respiratory system, adult
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What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an infection of one or both of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

What are the different types of pneumonia?

The main types of pneumonia are:

How is pneumonia diagnosed?

Diagnosis is usually made based on the season and the extent of the illness. Based on these factors, your health care provider may diagnose simply on a thorough history and physical examination, but may include the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:

What is the treatment for pneumonia?

Specific treatment will be determined by your health care provider based on:

Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics may also speed recovery from mycoplasma pneumonia and some special cases. There is no clearly effective treatment for viral pneumonia, which usually heals on its own.

Other treatment may include appropriate diet, increased fluids, oxygen therapy, pain medication, and medication for cough.

Click here to view the
Online Resources of Respiratory Disorders


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