Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
 

Facts About Spine, Shoulder and Pelvis

Facts About the Spine, Shoulder, and Pelvis

Anatomy of spinal column with vertebrae
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Facts about the spine

The vertebral column, also called the spine or backbone, is made up of multiple vertebrae that are separated by spongy disks and classified into four distinct areas. The cervical area consists of seven bony parts in the neck; the thoracic spine consists of 12 bony parts in the back area; the lumbar spine consists of five bony segments in the lower back area; five sacral* bones; and four coccygeal* bones (the number of coccygeal bones can vary from five to three).

(* By adulthood, the five sacral vertebrae fuse to form one bone, and the four coccygeal vertebrae fuse to form one bone.)

Facts about the pelvis

The pelvis is a basin-shaped structure that supports the spinal column and protects the abdominal organs. It contains the following:

Anatomy of the female pelvis
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Facts about the shoulder

The shoulder is made up of several layers, including the following:

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