Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
New Brunswick • Somerset

Glossary of Medical Specialties

The following medical specialties are represented by the Medical and Dental Staff of Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Somerset.

Allergy/Immunology - the diagnosis and treatment of allergic and immunologic diseases, including asthma, hay fever, hives, eczema, and drug and food allergies

Anesthesiology - the administration of medications as a means to block pain or diminish consciousness for surgery, usually by injection or inhalation

Cardiology - the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart and major blood vessels

Critical Care Medicine - the specialty that focuses on the most effective and efficient care possible for the critically ill

Dentistry includes the following subspecialties:

  • General Dentistry - the primary care of the teeth and gums
  • Oral Surgery - the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, injuries and defects of the mouth and dental structures
  • Orthodontics - the diagnosis and treatment of irregularities of the teeth, usually with braces
  • Pedodontics - the diagnosis, treatment and preventive care of the teeth and mouth of children
  • Periodontics - the branch of dentistry that deals with the supporting structures of the teeth, such as the gums, connective tissues and bones

Dermatology - the diagnosis and medical/surgical treatment of all diseases and disorders of the skin, hair and nails

Emergency Medicine - the specialty that includes treatment of any symptom, illness or injury requiring urgent evaluation and/or treatment

Endocrinology - the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the endocrine glands (including the thyroid, adrenal and pituitary glands), such as diabetes and hyperthyroidism

Family Medicine  - the specialty that provides comprehensive and ongoing medical care to all members of the family unit

Gastroenterology - the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the digestive system, including the liver, stomach and intestines, and medical conditions such as ulcers, tumors and colitis

Genetics - the application of what is known about human genetics in providing advice to those concerned about the possibility of their offspring inheriting a genetic abnormality, and the specialty that provides care to those patients with inherited diseases such as inborn errors of metabolism and other familial diseases

Geriatrics – the treatment of diseases and internal disorders of the elderly

Hematology/Oncology - the diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders and/or cancer

Infectious Diseases - the diagnosis and treatment of communicable diseases, including hepatitis, meningitis, tuberculosis, Lyme Disease and AIDS

Internal Medicine - the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of adult health problems
 
Neonatology - the specialized care and treatment of a newborn up to six weeks of age

Nephrology - the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases

Neurology - the diagnosis and medical treatment of the nervous system and brain, including conditions such as strokes and seizures

Neurosurgery - the specialty of diagnosis and surgical treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, nerves, neck and back

Obstetrics/Gynecology - the care of women during and after pregnancy and childbirth, and the care of the female reproductive system and treatment of associated disorders

Oncologic Surgery - Surgery specializing in cancer of the skin, melanoma, breast, liver, colorectal, thyroid, parathyroid, pancreas, biliary, adrenal and sarcoma.

Ophthalmology - the diagnosis and treatment, including surgery, of diseases and disorders of the eye, such as cataracts and glaucoma

Orthopaedics - the diagnosis and treatment, including surgery, of diseases and disorders of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles and nerves

Otolaryngology - the medical and surgical care for diseases of the ears, nose and throat (ENT)

Pain Management – the control of pain or discomfort through medication, stress reduction, relaxation, exercise, massage, heat, cold, or providing a comfortable environment

Pathology - the specialty of physicians who are trained to examine surgical specimens and biopsies for diagnostic purposes and who provide expertise in the performance and interpretation of laboratory testing and blood banking

Pediatrics - the care and treatment of infants, children and adolescents

Pediatric Surgery - the diagnosis and surgical treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of infants, children and adolescents

Perinatology - the specialized care of fetuses in utero from the third month of pregnancy until birth and infants for approximately one month following birth

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Physiatry) - the use of exercise, prosthetics, and modalities such as heat, water and mild electrical current to maximize an individual's level of ability to physically function, often employed following illness or injury

Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - the repair, restoration or improvement of conditions or injuries to the skin and external features resulting from disease, injury or birth defects

Podiatry - the care and treatment of the foot and ankle from childhood problems through those resulting from aging, including injury and disease and surgical correction of bunions, hammertoes and other conditions

Preventive Medicine - the specialty that focuses on the health of individuals in order to protect, promote and maintain health and prevent disease, disability and premature death

Psychiatry - the diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional and behavioral disorders

Psychology – The science of dealing with mental processes and their effects on behavior

Pulmonary Medicine - the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic diseases and conditions of the respiratory system, such as bronchitis, asthma, emphysema and occupational lung disease

Radiology - the use of radiation, ultrasound, X-rays, computerized tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), mammography and other imaging technologies to diagnose diseases and internal disorders

Reproductive Endocrinology - the diagnosis and management of infertility in women, including pregnancy loss, surgery and preservation of the reproductive tract

Rheumatology - the diagnosis and treatment of diseases signaled by inflammation or pain in the muscles, joints or connective tissues, such as arthritis

Surgery (General) - the surgical intervention for diseases or conditions of the following systems: colon/rectal (large and small intestines), endocrine (glandular system) and gastrointestinal (digestive, liver, stomach, intestines)

Thoracic Surgery - surgery of the chest cavity, including the lungs

Urology - the diagnosis and management, including surgery, of disorders of the urinary tract in both males and females, as well as the male reproductive system

Vascular Surgery - the diagnosis and treatment of circulatory problems of the extremities, especially the legs