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  • Oxygen Therapy Doesn't Boost Heart Attack Survival

    Posted: 09/11/2017

    Oxygen Therapy Doesn't Boost Heart Attack Survival WEDNESDAY, Aug. 30, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Oxygen therapy is a routine treatment for people suspected of having a heart attack, but a new study suggests there may be no benefit for these patients. That was true even for patients who were older, smoked or had diabetes or heart disease, according to the Swedish researchers. The "study questions the current practice of routine oxygen therapy for all patients with suspected [heart attack]," said lead auth...

  • Opioid Abuse Fueling Drug-Related Heart Infections: Study

    Posted: 09/09/2016

    Opioid Abuse Fueling Drug-Related Heart Infections: Study THURSDAY, Sept. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- The number of Americans hospitalized with heart infections caused by use of injected opioid drugs is on the rise, a new study indicates. Researchers from Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston said the finding is a disturbing outgrowth of a rising tide of opioid addiction in the United States. For the study, the researchers reviewed U.S. hospital admissions for infective endocarditis, a sometimes...

  • Over 64? Want to Cut Your Heart Disease Risk? Try Exercise

    Posted: 09/06/2016

    Over 64? Want to Cut Your Heart Disease Risk? Try Exercise MONDAY, Aug. 29, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Ride a bike, take a swim, walk your dog: New research shows even a "moderate" amount of exercise each week drastically reduces the odds a person aged 65 or older will die from heart disease. The benefits of exercise are "good prevention for many diseases, and the effect is dose-dependent -- the more you do, the better," said study lead author Riitta Antikainen. She is a professor of geriatrics at the Uni...

  • Open Neural Tube Defects (ONTDs)

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Open Neural Tube Defects (ONTDs) Neural tube defects are problems with the way the brain, spinal cord, or spine forms before birth. These problems occur in about 1 in every 1,500 newborn babies each year. What are open neural tube defects? During pregnancy, the brain and spine begin as a flat plate of cells. This plate of cells then rolls into a tube, called the neural tube. If all or part of the neural tube fails to close, this leaves an opening. This is known as an open neural tube defect, or ONTD. Th...

  • Oligodendroglioma in Children

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Oligodendroglioma in Children What is an oligodendroglioma? The brain is part of the central nervous system (CNS). The CNS also includes the spinal cord. A tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue. An oligodendroglioma is a type of CNS tumor called a glioma. These are tumors of the glial cells, the supporting cells of the brain. There are several types of glioma, depending on the type of cells involved and the location in the brain. Oligodendroglioma is a rare tumor that starts in the oligodendrocytes. The...

  • Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome in Children

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome in Children What is obesity hypoventilation syndrome? Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a breathing problem. It affects some children who are obese. Poor breathing causes too much carbon dioxide and too little oxygen in the blood. This is a rare but life-threatening issue. Your child will need treatment right away. When your child breathes, fresh air (oxygen) enters tiny sacs in his or her lungs. Tiny blood vessels run through the walls of these air sacs. When yo...

  • Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery What is off-pump CABG? Coronary artery bypass surgery, commonly known as CABG, is a type of heart surgery. Surgeons perform this type of surgery to bypass blockages in the coronary arteries. An “off-pump CABG” is a CABG performed without the use of a heart-lung machine (cardiopulmonary bypass). This means the heart continues to provide blood to the rest of the body during the surgery. It is sometimes referred to as “beating heart surgery.” In another method used d...

  • Osteoid Osteoma

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Osteoid Osteoma What is an osteoid osteoma? An osteoid osteoma is a type of bone tumor. It is not cancer (benign). It remains in the same place it starts. It will not spread to other bones or parts of your body. The center of an osteoid osteoma is the nidus. It consists of growing tumor cells, blood vessels, and cells that eventually form bone. A bony shell surrounds the nidus. Usually, osteoid osteomas are small tumors that measure less than an inch across. They typically form in the long bones, especi...

  • Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD)

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy (OPMD) What is oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy? Oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) is a rare genetic condition. It causes weakness in the muscles around the upper eyelids and part of the throat called the pharynx. The condition may harm vision and cause problems swallowing and talking. OPMD affects both men and women. It often first appears between 40 and 60 years of age. As the disease slowly progresses, the muscle weakness can extend into the neck and shoul...

  • Oligohydramnios

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Oligohydramnios What is oligohydramnios? In this condition, there is too little amniotic fluid around your baby in pregnancy. It occurs in about 4 in 100 pregnancies. Your baby needs amniotic fluid to grow. This watery fluid is inside the amniotic sac (membrane). It’s sometimes called the bag of waters. Your baby stays in this fluid for all of pregnancy. It helps to cushion and protect your baby. Amniotic fluid also helps your baby’s lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract grow. The fluid is made by ...