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  • Potassium

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Potassium Does this test have other names? Serum potassium, serum electrolytes, K What is this test? This is a blood test to measure the amount of potassium in your blood. Potassium is one of several important minerals in your body called electrolytes. Ninety percent of your potassium is inside your cells, but a small amount circulates in your blood. You normally get potassium from your diet. Your body needs a constant level of potassium for normal nerve conduction, muscle contraction, heart function, a...

  • Phenytoin

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Phenytoin Does this test have other names? Dilantin test What is this test? This test monitors the level of the seizure medicine phenytoin (Dilantin) in your blood. Phenytoin is an anticonvulsant medicine given to control seizures. Why do I need this test? If you take phenytoin, your healthcare provider must monitor your blood to make sure you are getting the correct dose. Too much can be toxic. Not enough leaves your seizures uncontrolled. You may have this test more often when you first start taking t...

  • Pavlik Harness Treatment

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pavlik Harness Treatment What is Pavlik harness treatment? The Pavlik harness is a soft splint. It is most commonly used for treating infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). It helps keep the infant's hips and knees bent and the thighs spread apart. It can also help promote healing in babies with broken thighbones (femurs). DDH occurs when the hip joint does not form normally. The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is a cup-shaped structure in the pelvis called the acetabulu...

  • PFAPA Syndrome

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    PFAPA Syndrome What is PFAPA syndrome? PFAPA is a childhood syndrome that causes repeated episodes of fever, mouth sores, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. PFAPA stands for periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis. PFAPA affects both boys and girls. The syndrome usually starts in early childhood, between the ages of 2 and 5 years. Very rarely, the syndrome may start in adulthood. The immune system’s job is to find and destroy things in the body that may cause harm. This inc...

  • Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema What is pulmonary interstitial emphysema? Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is when air gets trapped in the tissue outside the tubes and air sacs of the lungs. It affects newborn babies. PIE is fairly common in neonatal intensive care units. When you breathe, air travels in through your mouth through a series of tubes to your lungs. At the ends of these tubes are tiny air sacs called alveoli . In these sacs is where gases get exchanged. Here, the lungs deliver oxyge...

  • Pneumonectomy

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pneumonectomy What is a pneumonectomy? A pneumonectomy is a type of surgery to remove one of your lungs because of cancer, trauma, or some other condition. You have two lungs: a right lung and a left lung. These lungs connect to your mouth through a series of tubes. Through these tubes, the lungs bring oxygen into the body and remove carbon dioxide from the body. Oxygen is necessary for all functions of your body. Carbon dioxide is a waste product that the body needs to get rid of. Most people can get b...

  • Pulmonary Artery Catheterization

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pulmonary Artery Catheterization What is pulmonary artery catheterization? Pulmonary artery catheterization is when a long, thin tube called a catheter is inserted into a pulmonary artery. It can help diagnose and manage a wide variety of health problems. The pulmonary arteries are the two major arteries coming from the right ventricle of the heart. This lower chamber of the heart contains blood that is low in oxygen. The pulmonary arteries carry this blood to the lungs. There, the blood picks up more o...

  • Patent Foramen Ovale Transcatheter Repair

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Patent Foramen Ovale Transcatheter Repair What is patent foramen ovale transcatheter repair? A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small hole between the two upper chambers of the heart, the right and the left atrium. Patent foramen transcatheter repair is a procedure to fix this hole in the heart. Normally, the atrial septum separates the right and left atria. No blood flows between these two chambers. If a PFO exists, a little blood can flow between the atria. This flow of blood between the atria is not n...

  • Photodynamic Therapy for Age-Related Macular Degeneration

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Photodynamic Therapy for Age-Related Macular Degeneration What is photodynamic therapy for age-related macular degeneration? Photodynamic therapy is a treatment for the eyes. It uses lasers and a special medicine that works when exposed to a type of light. It is done to treat age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The retina is the layer of cells in the back of your eye that converts light into electrical signals. Your retina then sends these signals to your brain. AMD affects your macula. The macula i...

  • Pneumatic Retinopexy

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pneumatic Retinopexy What is pneumatic retinopexy? Pneumatic retinopexy is a procedure to correct a detached retina and restore vision. Unlike other procedures to treat a detached retina, it often takes place in an office setting. The retina is a layer of cells at the back of your eye. These cells use light to send visual information to your brain. Retinal detachment happens when part of your retina detaches from the rest of your retina and eye. When that happens, your retina does not function normally....