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  • Gender Gap in Life Expectancy Persists

    Posted: 11/30/2016

    Gender Gap in Life Expectancy Persists MONDAY, Nov. 21, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- People are living longer than ever, but men still trail women in life expectancy, a new study shows. An international team of researchers reviewed data from more than 1 million people worldwide. From the 18th century to the present, they found the last few generations have had the largest life expectancy increase in the history of humans and all other primates. For example, life expectancy in Sweden over the last 200 years ...

  • Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

    Posted: 11/22/2016

    Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers TUESDAY, Nov. 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- In a bit of good news, the rate of diagnoses for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among U.S. preschoolers has leveled off, a new study finds. At the same time, the prescribing rate of stimulant medications for these young patients has also stayed steady, a promising trend that researchers credit to treatment guidelines that were introduced in 2011. The guidelines, issued by the Americ...

  • Germs on Smartphones Yield Clues to Owners' Lifestyles

    Posted: 11/21/2016

    Germs on Smartphones Yield Clues to Owners' Lifestyles MONDAY, Nov. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- By analyzing chemicals, molecules and germs on people's smartphones, researchers say they were able to get a good idea of users' habits and lifestyles. This included aspects such as diet, medications, hygiene and beauty products, general health, and places visited. This approach could prove useful in a number of areas, including medical clinical trials, criminal profiling, airport screening, making sure pati...

  • Gene May Have Helped Humans Evolve Beyond Other Animals: Study

    Posted: 11/16/2016

    Gene May Have Helped Humans Evolve Beyond Other Animals: Study WEDNESDAY, Nov. 9, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A gene involved in bone growth and muscle functioning in mammals may also play a role in brain development in humans and their primate cousins, researchers report. The evolutionary "repurposing" of the gene osteocrin -- found in all mammals -- may help explain why humans and other primates have higher brain function than other species, despite having mostly identical genes. Researchers found that o...

  • Graphic Cigarette Pack Labels May Cut U.S. Smoking Deaths

    Posted: 11/12/2016

    Graphic Cigarette Pack Labels May Cut U.S. Smoking Deaths THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Graphically depicting the health consequences of smoking on U.S. cigarette packs would save more than 650,000 lives and prevent tens of thousands of preterm births and low birth weight babies by 2065, a new study suggests. The analysis provides the first estimates of how American adults and infants would be affected by adding pictorial warnings to cigarette packs. "By any standard, this would be consider...

  • Got a Moody Teen? Lack of Sleep May Not Be the Culprit

    Posted: 11/11/2016

    Got a Moody Teen? Lack of Sleep May Not Be the Culprit THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- It's not a lack of sleep that makes many teens cranky, ill-mannered and muddled during the day, a new study contends. Rather, it's a combination of being night owls and then suffering daytime drowsiness, researchers report. The solution is starting school later, according to study lead author Dr. Judith Owens, director of sleep medicine at Boston Children's Hospital. "School start times which coincide with ...

  • Genes May Dictate Your Love -- or Hate -- of Exercise

    Posted: 11/10/2016

    Genes May Dictate Your Love -- or Hate -- of Exercise THURSDAY, Nov. 3, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Whether you get pumped up for gym time or you'd rather crawl back into bed if someone mentions exercise, your genes might be to blame, a new study suggests. Most people receive a mental reward from working out in the form of increased levels of dopamine -- a brain chemical associated with feelings of motivation, pleasure and well-being. But some people apparently don't get that benefit because of genes that ...

  • Gene Test May ID Chemo Patients at Risk of Clots: Study

    Posted: 11/10/2016

    Gene Test May ID Chemo Patients at Risk of Clots: Study TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Genetic testing could help identify breast cancer patients at high risk for the formation of blood clots in their veins, new research suggests. This problem, called venous thromboembolism (VTE), is a serious and potentially fatal complication that can occur during cancer treatment, particularly chemotherapy. Because breast cancer is one of the most common cancers, breast cancer patients account for a large ...

  • Gene Therapy May Hold Promise for Blistering Skin Disease

    Posted: 11/09/2016

    Gene Therapy May Hold Promise for Blistering Skin Disease TUESDAY, Nov. 1, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Gene therapy shows promise in treating a genetic skin disease that causes blistering, according to researchers. In the early stage clinical trial, researchers from the Stanford University School of Medicine tested the therapy on four adults with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa. People with this skin condition aren't able to produce a protein that binds the upper and lower levels of skin togethe...

  • Global Efforts to Combat TB Epidemic Falling Short

    Posted: 10/20/2016

    Global Efforts to Combat TB Epidemic Falling Short THURSDAY, Oct. 13, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Countries around the world need to work harder to combat tuberculosis infections and deaths, a new World Health Organization report says. Nations across the globe have pledged to reduce tuberculosis (TB) infections by 80 percent and TB deaths by 90 percent by 2030, but they must work faster if they want to meet these goals, according to the WHO. "We face an uphill battle to reach the global targets for tubercu...