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  • Kyphoplasty

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Kyphoplasty What is kyphoplasty? Kyphoplasty is a procedure used to treat fractures or breaks in the vertebrae. The vertebrae are the bones in your back that are stacked on top of each other to make your spine. Your spine supports your weight, allows you to move, and protects your spinal cord and the nerves. AMuscsk_20140310_v0_005 Kyphoplasty is often discussed along with another procedure called vertebroplasty. First the doctor inflates small balloon-like devices into the broken bone to make space. Th...

  • Keratoconus

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Keratoconus What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is an eye disorder in which your cornea slowly thins over time. The cornea also bulges out over time, to form a cone-like shape. The cornea is your eye’s outermost layer. It is a clear, strong layer that caps the front of your eye. It helps protect the rest of your eye from germs and debris. It also helps control the entry of light into your eye. With keratoconus, your cornea thins in the lower and central portions. Keratoconus can also cause swelling and sca...

  • Knee Pain

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Knee Pain What is knee pain? Your kneecap (patella) is a thick, round bone that covers and protects the front portion of your knee joint. It moves along a groove in your thighbone (femur) as part of the patellofemoral joint. A layer of cartilage surrounds the underside of your kneecap. This layer protects it from grinding against your femur. When this cartilage softens and breaks down, it can cause knee pain. This is partly due to repetitive stress. The stress irritates the lining of the joint, and this...

  • Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder X-ray

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Kidney, Ureter, and Bladder X-ray What is a kidney, ureter, and bladder X-ray? This type of X-ray may be done to check the stomach for causes of pain. It may also be done to check the organs and structures of the urinary or gastrointestinal (GI) system. The X-ray may be the first diagnostic procedure used to check the urinary system. X-rays use beams of energy that pass through body tissues onto a special film and make a picture. They show pictures of your internal tissues, bones, and organs. Why might ...

  • Kidney Ultrasound

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Kidney Ultrasound What is a kidney ultrasound? A kidney ultrasound is an imaging test that uses sound waves to look at your kidneys. It can check the size, shape, and location of your kidneys. It also lets your healthcare provider see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys. The healthcare provider uses a device called a transducer to make the images of your kidneys. The transducer sends out sound waves that bounce off your kidneys. The sound waves are too high-pitched for you to hear. The transducer ...

  • Kidney Transplant

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Kidney Transplant What is a kidney transplant? A kidney transplant is a surgery done to replace a diseased kidney with a healthy kidney from a donor. The kidney may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. Family members or others who are a good match may be able to donate one of their kidneys. This type of transplant is called a living transplant. People who donate a kidney can live healthy lives with one healthy kidney. A person getting a transplant most often gets just 1 kidney. In ra...

  • Kidney Scan

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Kidney Scan What is a kidney scan? A kidney scan is an imaging test that looks at your kidneys. Your healthcare provider can also see how well blood is flowing in your kidneys. A kidney scan is a type of nuclear imaging test. This means that a tiny amount of a radioactive matter is used during the scan. The radioactive matter (radioactive tracer) is absorbed by normal kidney tissue. The radioactive tracer sends out gamma rays. These are picked up by the scanner to make a picture of your kidneys. The are...

  • Kidney Biopsy

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Kidney Biopsy What is a kidney biopsy? A biopsy is done to remove tissue or cells from the body to exam under a microscope. The tissue sample is removed with a needle to check for cancer or other abnormal cells. It also helps check how well the kidney is working. There are 2 types of kidney biopsies: Needle biopsy . After an anesthetic is given, the healthcare provider inserts the biopsy needle into the kidney to get a sample. Ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT scan) may be used to guide the need...

  • Knee Ligament Repair

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Knee Ligament Repair What is knee ligament repair? Ligaments are bands of tough, elastic connective tissue that surround a joint to give support and limit the joint's movement. AMuscsk_20140311_v1_001 When ligaments are damaged, the knee joint may become unstable. Ligament damage often occurs from a sports injury. A torn ligament severely limits knee movement, resulting in the inability to pivot, turn, or twist the leg. Surgery is an option to repair a torn ligament if other medical treatment is not eff...

  • Knee Replacement Surgery

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Knee Replacement Surgery What is knee replacement surgery? When your knee is badly damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered. During knee replacement surgery, your joint surfaces are replaced by prostheses. These are plastic and metal parts that are used to replace your joint surfaces. Why might I need knee replacement surgery? Osteoarthritis is the most common problem that leads to knee replacement surgery. This is a “wear and tear” joint disease that affects mostly...