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  • Peanut Allergy Treatment: The Earlier in Childhood, the Better

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Peanut Allergy Treatment: The Earlier in Childhood, the Better THURSDAY, Aug. 18, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- A treatment for peanut allergies may work better if it's given to children earlier, even as young as 9 months, before the body's "allergic program" fully matures, new research suggests. The treatment is called oral immunotherapy -- also known as exposure therapy. In this approach, peanut-allergic children are given very tiny amounts of peanut allergen as directed by a doctor. Over time, these small...

  • Put Vaccines on Kids' Back-to-School List

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Put Vaccines on Kids' Back-to-School List FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- As parents start preparing to send their young ones back to the classroom, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says it's a good time to remember that vaccines play an important role in keeping children healthy. So, make sure your child is up-to-date on immunizations and fully protected from diseases such as measles, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough), the agency advises. "Parents should know that vaccin...

  • Possible Cases of Local Zika Transmission in Miami Beach

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Possible Cases of Local Zika Transmission in Miami Beach FRIDAY, Aug. 19, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Federal and state officials are considering an advisory that pregnant women not travel to Miami Beach, or potentially all of Miami-Dade County, after a cluster of Zika infections that were most likely transmitted locally were detected there. According to The New York Times , an unidentified health official with knowledge of the situation said Thursday that officials were mulling such an advisory. Until now...

  • Patent Monopolies Driving High U.S. Drug Prices: Study

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Patent Monopolies Driving High U.S. Drug Prices: Study TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription drug prices are skyrocketing in the United States due in large part to government regulations, a new analysis finds. These regulations allow drug manufacturers to charge monopolistic prices that aren't opposed by competing market forces, the researchers believe. The result? For each person in the United States, $858 was spent on prescription drugs, compared with an average of $400 per person ac...

  • Potassium

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Potassium Does this test have other names? Serum potassium, serum electrolytes, K What is this test? This is a blood test to measure the amount of potassium in your blood. Potassium is one of several important minerals in your body called electrolytes. Ninety percent of your potassium is inside your cells, but a small amount circulates in your blood. You normally get potassium from your diet. Your body needs a constant level of potassium for normal nerve conduction, muscle contraction, heart function, a...

  • Phenytoin

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Phenytoin Does this test have other names? Dilantin test What is this test? This test monitors the level of the seizure medicine phenytoin (Dilantin) in your blood. Phenytoin is an anticonvulsant medicine given to control seizures. Why do I need this test? If you take phenytoin, your healthcare provider must monitor your blood to make sure you are getting the correct dose. Too much can be toxic. Not enough leaves your seizures uncontrolled. You may have this test more often when you first start taking t...

  • Pavlik Harness Treatment

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pavlik Harness Treatment What is Pavlik harness treatment? The Pavlik harness is a soft splint. It is most commonly used for treating infants with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). It helps keep the infant's hips and knees bent and the thighs spread apart. It can also help promote healing in babies with broken thighbones (femurs). DDH occurs when the hip joint does not form normally. The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint. The socket is a cup-shaped structure in the pelvis called the acetabulu...

  • PFAPA Syndrome

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    PFAPA Syndrome What is PFAPA syndrome? PFAPA is a childhood syndrome that causes repeated episodes of fever, mouth sores, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. PFAPA stands for periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and adenitis. PFAPA affects both boys and girls. The syndrome usually starts in early childhood, between the ages of 2 and 5 years. Very rarely, the syndrome may start in adulthood. The immune system’s job is to find and destroy things in the body that may cause harm. This inc...

  • Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pulmonary Interstitial Emphysema What is pulmonary interstitial emphysema? Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is when air gets trapped in the tissue outside the tubes and air sacs of the lungs. It affects newborn babies. PIE is fairly common in neonatal intensive care units. When you breathe, air travels in through your mouth through a series of tubes to your lungs. At the ends of these tubes are tiny air sacs called alveoli . In these sacs is where gases get exchanged. Here, the lungs deliver oxyge...

  • Pneumonectomy

    Posted: 08/25/2016

    Pneumonectomy What is a pneumonectomy? A pneumonectomy is a type of surgery to remove one of your lungs because of cancer, trauma, or some other condition. You have two lungs: a right lung and a left lung. These lungs connect to your mouth through a series of tubes. Through these tubes, the lungs bring oxygen into the body and remove carbon dioxide from the body. Oxygen is necessary for all functions of your body. Carbon dioxide is a waste product that the body needs to get rid of. Most people can get b...