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Other Cancers

Carcinoid Tumor
Carcinoid Tumor Carcinoid tumor is a rare type of tumor that usually grows slowly. Carcinoid tumors are cancerous, but have been called cancer in slow motion , because if you have a carcinoid tumor, you may have it for many years and never know it. In rare cases, usually after a carcinoid tumor has spread, it can cause symptoms called carcinoid syndrome . Facts about carcinoid tumor Fewer than 10% of people with carcinoid tumors have or develop symptoms. That statistic may vary, based on the location of...
AIDS-Related Malignancies
AIDS-Related Malignancies People who have AIDS are much more likely to get certain types of cancer than people without the disease. When people who have HIV develop certain cancers, doctors consider their HIV infection to have progressed to AIDS. These types of cancer include Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, as well as Hodgkin lymphoma. People with HIV or AIDS are also often more likely to develop cancer in places such as the cervix, anus, lung, and liver. Facts about AIDS-related malignancies Kapo...
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)
Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Childhood Extracranial Germ Cell Tumors Childhood extracranial germ cell tumors form from developing sperm or egg cells that travel to parts of the body other than the brain. As a fetus develops, certain cells form sperm in the testicles or eggs in the ovaries . Sometimes these cells travel to other parts of the body and grow into germ cell tumors . This summary is about germ cell tumors that form in parts of the body tha...
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)
Nasopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Nasopharyngeal Cancer Nasopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the nasopharynx. The nasopharynx is the upper part of the pharynx (throat) behind the nose. The pharynx is a hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (the tube that goes from the throat to the stomach ). Air and food pass through the pharynx on the w...
Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)
Hypopharyngeal Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Hypopharyngeal Cancer Hypopharyngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the hypopharynx. The hypopharynx is the bottom part of the pharynx (throat). The pharynx is a hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose, goes down the neck, and ends at the top of the trachea (windpipe) and esophagus (the tube that goes from the throat to the stomach ). Air and food pass through the pharynx on...
Small Intestine Cancer Treatment (PDQ®)
Small Intestine Cancer Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Small Intestine Cancer Small intestine cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the small intestine. The small intestine is part of the body’s digestive system , which also includes the esophagus , stomach , and large intestine . The digestive system removes and processes nutrients ( vitamins , minerals , carbohydrates , fats, proteins , and water) from foods and helps pass waste material out of th...
Unusual Cancers of Childhood (PDQ®)
Unusual Cancers of Childhood (PDQ®) General Information About Unusual Cancers of Childhood Unusual cancers of childhood are cancers rarely seen in children. Cancer in children and teenagers is rare. Since 1975, the number of new cases of childhood cancer has slowly increased. The number of deaths from childhood cancer is less than half what it was in 1975. Unusual cancers are so rare that most children's hospitals see fewer than two cases in a year. Because the unusual cancers are so rare, there is not ...
Gestational Trophoblastic Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)
Gestational Trophoblastic Tumors Treatment (PDQ®) Description What are gestational trophoblastic tumors? Gestational trophoblastic tumor , a rare cancer in women, is a disease in which cancer ( malignant ) cells grow in the tissues that are formed following conception (the joining of sperm and egg). Gestational trophoblastic tumors start inside the uterus , the hollow, muscular, pear-shaped organ where a baby grows. This type of cancer occurs in women during the years when they are able to have children...
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment (PDQ®)
Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors Treatment (PDQ®) General Information About Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors A gastrointestinal carcinoid tumor is cancer that forms in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. The gastrointestinal tract includes the stomach , small intestine , and large intestine . These organs are part of the digestive system , which processes nutrients ( vitamins , minerals , carbohydrates , fats, proteins , and water) in foods that are eaten and helps pass waste material out of the...
Ewing Family of Tumors
Ewing Family of Tumors Description Note: The health professional version of this summary was extensively revised in July 2007. The patient version of this summary will reflect these changes shortly. What is the Ewing family of tumors? The Ewing family of tumors include: Ewing tumor of bone; extraosseous Ewing (tumor growing outside of the bone); primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET), also known as peripheral neuroepithelioma; and Askin’s tumor (PNET of the chest wall ). These tumors are rare diseases i...
Oropharyngeal Cancer
Oropharyngeal Cancer Description What is cancer of the oropharynx? Cancer of the oropharynx is a disease in which cancer cells are found in the tissues of the oropharynx. The oropharynx is the middle part of the throat (also called the pharynx ). The pharynx is a hollow tube about 5 inches long that starts behind the nose and goes down to the neck to become part of the esophagus (tube that goes to the stomach ). Air and food pass through the pharynx on the way to the windpipe ( trachea ) or the esophagu...
AIDS-Related Lymphoma
AIDS-Related Lymphoma Description What is AIDS-related lymphoma? AIDS-related lymphoma is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the lymph system in patients who have AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which attacks and weakens the immune system. Infections and other diseases can then invade the body, and the immune system cannot fight against them. The lymph system is made up of thin tubes that branch, like blood vessels...
Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors
Extragonadal Germ Cell Tumors General Information What are extragonadal germ cell tumors? This summary discusses the treatment of extragonadal germ cell tumors. Germ cell tumors develop from testicular or ovarian cells. Sometimes these cells travel to the chest or abdomen and may turn into a rare type of cancer called extragonadal germ cell tumor. Extragonadal germ cell tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous. The cancerous tumors are divided into 2 types, seminoma and nonseminoma. Nonseminoma cancers i...
Primary CNS Lymphoma
Primary CNS Lymphoma General Information This summary discusses the treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma. Description Lymphoma is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the lymph system. The lymph system is made up of thin tubes that branch, like blood vessels, into all parts of the body. Lymph vessels carry lymph, a colorless, watery fluid that contains white blood cells called lymphocytes. Along the network of vessels are groups of small, bean-shaped organs called lym...