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Obesity & Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric Surgery

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Fast Facts
Four types of bariatric surgery are offered in the U.S.: Adjustable gastric band Roux-en-Y gastric bypass Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch Vertical sleeve gastrectomy
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Types Of Surgery

Stomal (Anastomotic) Stenosis After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Stomal (Anastomotic) Stenosis After Gastric Bypass Surgery What is stomal stenosis after gastric bypass surgery? After a gastric bypass procedure for weight loss, some people may develop a narrowing of the new connection between their stomach and lower intestine. This complication is called stomal stenosis, or anastomotic stenosis. What causes stomal stenosis after gastric bypass surgery? It's not clear why stomal stenosis occurs after gastric bypass surgery. It may be because of a combination of factor...
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Weight-Loss Surgery
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Weight-Loss Surgery What is Roux-en-Y gastric bypass weight-loss surgery? Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a type of weight-loss surgery that reduces the size of your stomach to a small pouch – about the size of an egg. It does this by stapling off a section of it. This reduces the amount of food you can take in at meals. The surgeon then attaches this pouch directly to the small intestine, bypassing most of the rest of the stomach and the upper part of the small intestine. Th...
Risks of Bariatric Surgery: Anemia
Risks of Bariatric Surgery: Anemia What is anemia after bariatric surgery? Anemia is a common side effect of weight-loss surgery. It's a condition in which your blood contains lower than normal levels of red blood cells or red blood cells that contain too little of the protein hemoglobin. This is a problem because hemoglobin is the substance that carries oxygen throughout the body. What are the causes of anemia after bariatric surgery? Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are common in people after surgery....
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding
Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding What is laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding? Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is one of the least invasive operations available for obesity. It’s done with a few tiny abdominal cuts, instead of with one large cut. The surgeon puts instruments through the cuts. One of those instruments is a laparoscope, a tool with a tiny camera. The surgeon uses these tools to place a band around the top portion of the stomach, leaving a very small pouch availabl...
Iron Deficiency After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Iron Deficiency After Gastric Bypass Surgery What is iron deficiency after gastric bypass surgery? Iron deficiency and anemia are common after a gastric bypass or other weight-loss surgery, especially in women. In fact, iron deficiency can occur in more than half of women who are premenopausal who have this surgery. What causes iron deficiency after gastric bypass surgery? Iron deficiency is a side effect that results from the changes made during the surgery. Most of the iron from foods, like meats, leg...
Food Intolerance After Gastric Band Surgery
Food Intolerance After Gastric Band Surgery What is food Intolerance after gastric band surgery? If you are severely obese, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is a type of weight-loss surgery that can help you lose at least half of your extra weight. During the surgery, your doctor places a band around the top section of your stomach, in the area where your food goes, to reduce the size of your stomach. This makes you feel full more quickly, and it helps you to not eat too much food. After t...
Efferent Loop Syndrome
Efferent Loop Syndrome What is efferent loop syndrome? Efferent loop syndrome is one of two "loop syndromes" that can happen after some types of gastric surgery. In a loop syndrome, a portion or "limb" of the small intestine becomes blocked. Of the two types of loop syndromes, the other type, afferent loop syndrome, is the more common. Efferent loop syndrome is quite rare. Surgeons have improved gastric surgery, so both types of loop syndromes are now less common. What causes efferent loop syndrome afte...
Dumping Syndrome After Gastric Bypass Surgery
Dumping Syndrome After Gastric Bypass Surgery What is dumping syndrome after gastric bypass surgery? Dumping syndrome is a problem for many people who have had gastric bypass surgery. It happens when the solid parts of a meal get “dumped” directly from your stomach into your small intestine without being digested. This can feel uncomfortable and may even lead to malnutrition if not treated. What causes dumping syndrome after gastric bypass surgery? Health care providers don’t really understand why dumpi...
Afferent Loop Syndrome
Afferent Loop Syndrome What is afferent loop syndrome? Afferent loop syndrome is a complication of several different types of stomach surgery. If you have had or are going to have a procedure called gastrojejunostomy, you should know that afferent loop syndrome can occur after the surgery. Gastrojejunostomy is also also known as Billroth II gastrectomy procedure,. During a Biliroth II type of operation, your surgeon will remove or bypass the lower part of your stomach and attach the remaining part of yo...
Gastric Banding Surgery for Teens
Gastric Banding Surgery for Teens Gastric banding is a form of weight-loss (bariatric) surgery. It’s used to treat people with severe obesity who haven’t been able to lose weight through diet and exercise alone. It’s most often done in adults. But in some cases, it may be an option for a teen. How a gastric band works A gastric band is a soft, rubbery circle made of silicone. The band is attached to a thin, flexible tube (catheter). The tube is connected to a small, round port. During surgery, the band ...
Problems with Digesting Fat After Weight-Loss Surgery
Problems with Digesting Fat After Weight-Loss Surgery If you are severely obese and haven’t been able to lose weight, your healthcare provider may recommend weight-loss surgery. Weight-loss surgery (bariatric surgery) may help you lose weight. Losing weight can lower your risk for weight-related problems like heart disease, diabetes, sleep apnea, high blood pressure, and arthritis. Most bariatric surgeries are called restrictive surgeries because they limit how much food you can eat. Another type of bar...
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery
BPD/DS Weight-Loss Surgery If you are extremely obese and have tried without success to get your weight under control, your healthcare provider may recommend a bariatric surgical procedure known as biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). This is usually known as the duodenal switch. It can help you lose more weight than either the gastric bypass or the sleeve gastrectomy. The surgery has been shown to help reduce obesity and related illnesses. These include heart disease, high blood pre...
Risks of Gastric Bypass Surgery: Anastomotic Leaking
Risks of Gastric Bypass Surgery: Anastomotic Leaking If you are severely obese and have had trouble losing weight, your healthcare provider tor may recommend weight loss surgery. Weight loss surgery is also known as bariatric surgery. It is an effective way to lose weight and reduce the risk for weight-related problems. These include heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, sleep apnea, and arthritis. One type of weight loss surgery is the gastric bypass. As with any surgery, gastric bypass...
Adjustable Gastric Band: What Happens If You Don’t Follow Your New Diet
Adjustable Gastric Band: What Happens If You Don't Follow Your New Diet Adjustable gastric band surgery restricts the size of the opening to your stomach. This decreases the amount of food you can take in. After this surgery, you are likely to lose a lot of weight, as long as you follow instructions. At the same time, you will need to get used to a totally new way of eating. It takes about 4 weeks after the surgery before you can eat solid food again. You'll probably have a high-protein, liquid-only die...
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Overview
Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy Overview If you are severely overweight, obesity surgery may be a choice for you. Obesity surgery is also called bariatric surgery. Your healthcare provider may recommend it if you have a body mass index (BMI) higher than 40. A BMI of greater than 40 typically means that you are about 100 pounds overweight. One of the newer choices for bariatric surgery is called laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). The LSG procedure LSG surgery is done in a hospital under general anest...