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Neuroscience

About the Brain and Nervous System

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Anatomy of the Brain
Anatomy of the Brain What is the central nervous system (CNS)? The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. The brain is an important organ that controls thought, memory, emotion, touch, motor skills, vision, respirations, temperature, hunger, and every process that regulates our body. What are the different parts of the brain? Click Image to Enlarge The brain can be divided into the cerebrum, brainstem, and cerebellum: Cerebrum. The cerebrum (supratentorial or front of brain) is composed of the right...
Anatomy of the Skull Base
Anatomy of the Skull Base Your ability to run, jump, write with a pen, laugh, and experience pain all start in the brain, a mass of soft tissues and nerve cells attached to the spinal cord that sends messages throughout the body to let you move and feel. The brain is divided into several parts, all protected by the skull. Click to Enlarge At the base of the skull is bone that supports 4 brain components—the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, brain stem, and cerebellum. The skull base offers support from the b...
Anatomy of the Spinal Cord
Anatomy of the Spinal Cord The spinal cord is part of the central nervous system. This helps control the sense of feeling, movement, and functioning of the body's internal organs. Made up of bundles of nerves, the spinal cord carries signals from your body to your brain, and vice versa. The spinal cord is tube-shaped and extends from the brain all the way down to the lumbar, or lower, region of the spine. Branching off from the spinal cord are small nerves, called nerve roots. These roots emerge from sm...
Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology
Endovascular Neurosurgery and Interventional Neuroradiology Neurosurgery is a branch of surgery that treats conditions and diseases of the brain and nervous system. Radiology is a medical specialty that helps diagnose and treat conditions and diseases using various radiology techniques. Endovascular neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery that uses catheters and radiology to diagnose and treat various conditions and diseases of the central nervous system. The central nervous system is made up...
Neurological Exam
Neurological Exam What is a neurological exam? A neurological exam, also called a neuro exam , is an evaluation of a person's nervous system that can be performed in the healthcare provider's office. It may be performed with instruments, such as lights and reflex hammers, and usually does not cause any pain to the patient. The nervous system consists of the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves from these areas. There are many aspects of this exam, including an assessment of motor and sensory skills, b...
Neurological Surgery
Neurological Surgery What is neurological surgery? Neurological surgery, also called neurosurgery, is the branch of medicine that provides both operative and nonoperative management of disorders that affect the central and peripheral nervous systems, including their supportive structures and vascular supply, and the operative and nonoperative management of pain. Neurological surgery encompasses disorders of the brain, spine, and nerves, including the following: The extracranial and intracranial carotid ...
Neurology
Neurology What is neurology? Neurology is the branch of medicine that is concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the nervous system. Who is the neurologist? The healthcare provider who specializes in neurology is called a neurologist . After completing medical school, healthcare providers specializing in adult neurology complete one year of residency in internal medicine and three years of neurology residency. Neurologists treat disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, includi...
Overview of Nervous System Disorders
Overview of Nervous System Disorders What is the nervous system? The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions, including the following: Central nervous system. This consists of the brain and spinal cord. Peripheral nervous system. This consists of all other neural elements, including the peripheral nerves and the autonomic nerves. The Nervous System (Click to Enlarge) In addition to the brain and spinal cord, p...