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Neuroscience

Alzheimer's Disease and Memory Disorders

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Caring for Someone with Alzheimer Disease
Caring for Someone with Alzheimer Disease Alzheimer disease is a type of dementia. Dementia is a condition in which cognitive function—the ability to think, concentrate, and remember—is impaired. According to the Alzheimer's Association, Alzheimer disease makes up as much as 60% to 80% of all cases of dementia. Alzheimer disease is a progressive condition. This means that it keeps getting worse. It usually involves memory impairment early on. Eventually, people with Alzheimer disease need help with dail...
Early-Onset Alzheimer Disease
Early-Onset Alzheimer Disease What is early-onset Alzheimer disease? Alzheimer disease is the most common form of dementia. It affects your memory, thinking, and behavior. It often progresses to the point where it affects daily activities and functions. Alzheimer disease most commonly affects older adults, but it can also affect people in their 30s or 40s. When Alzheimer disease occurs in someone under age 65, it is known as early-onset (or younger-onset) Alzheimer disease. A very small number of people...
Helping Someone with Memory Loss
Helping Someone with Memory Loss Diagnosing memory problems can be puzzling. In older adults, it’s easy to mistake such problems as part of the everyday memory loss that some people experience as they grow older. Memory problems, however, may be a sign of a more serious diagnosis, such as Alzheimer disease or dementia. Check with a healthcare provider if your loved one is: Unable to remember familiar things or people More and more forgetful or has trouble remembering recent events Having trouble doing f...
Medications that Can Treat Alzheimer's Disease
Medications that Can Treat Alzheimer's Disease Many people believe that Alzheimer’s disease (AD) can't be treated. The truth is that medications are available that may help slow the progression of symptoms. Although these drugs don’t work for everyone, they offer some hope for the more than 5 million people who have AD. The FDA has approved five medications to treat Alzheimer’s disease. All the drugs may help temporarily prevent some AD symptoms, such as confusion and forgetfulness, from getting worse. ...
New Hope for Alzheimer’s Disease
New Hope for Alzheimer's Disease No magic spell can prevent the devastating effects of Alzheimer's disease on thinking and memory. And scientists have yet to find a pill that can cure it. But positive news is out there: Research is shedding light on ways to cut risk, and treatments are making life easier and more comfortable after a diagnosis. Preventing dementia Age and certain other risk factors for Alzheimer's disease can't be controlled. But you can reduce your odds of developing the condition. The ...
Stages of Alzheimer Disease
Stages of Alzheimer Disease Alzheimer disease is a brain disorder that causes memory loss, confusion, and changes in personality. It is a type of dementia. At first, people with this disease have only a small amount of memory loss and confusion. This is called “cognitive decline.” Over time, however, these symptoms get more severe. The disease progresses through 3 main stages of symptoms. In the final stage, people with Alzheimer disease may be unable to talk with family members or know what is going on...