Gastritis

Gastritis

Illustration of the anatomy of the digestive system, adult
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What is gastritis?

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. While the lining of the stomach is quite strong and can withstand strong acid, drinking too much alcohol, eating spicy foods, or smoking can cause the lining to become inflamed and irritated.

What causes of gastritis?

Gastritis may be caused by the following:

What are the symptoms of gastritis?

The following are the most common symptoms of gastritis. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

The symptoms of gastritis may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

How is gastritis diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for gastritis may include the following:

Treatment for gastritis

Specific treatment for gastritis will be determined by your doctor based on:

Generally, treatment for gastritis involves antacids and other medications aimed at reducing stomach acid, relieving symptoms, and promoting the healing of the stomach lining. If gastritis is related to an illness or infection, that problem should be treated as well. If gastritis is caused by H. pylori, the most common treatment is a triple therapy that combines two anitibiotics with a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) to kill the bacteria. Sometimes the treatment may also include bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol).

Patients are also advised to avoid foods, beverages, or medications that cause symptoms or irritate the lining of the stomach. If the gastritis is related to smoking, quitting is recommended.

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