Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital
 

Overview of Nervous System Disorders

Overview of Nervous System Disorders

What is the nervous system?

The nervous system is a complex, sophisticated system that regulates and coordinates body activities. It is made up of two major divisions, including the following:

Illustration of  the nervous system
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In addition to the brain and spinal cord, principal organs of the nervous system include the following:

What are some disorders of the nervous system?

The nervous system is vulnerable to various disorders. It can be damaged by the following:

Disorders of the nervous system

Disorders of the nervous system may involve the following:

Signs and symptoms of nervous system disorders

The following are the most common general signs and symptoms of a nervous system disorder. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

The symptoms of a nervous system disorder may resemble other medical conditions or problems. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

Doctors who treat nervous system disorders

Doctors who treat nervous system disorders may have to spend a lot of time working with the patient before making a probable diagnosis of the specific condition. Many times, this involves performing numerous tests to eliminate other conditions, so that the probable diagnosis can be made.

Neurology

The branch of medicine that manages nervous system disorders is called neurology. The medical doctors who treat nervous system disorders are called neurologists.

Neurological Surgery

The branch of medicine that provides surgical intervention for nervous system disorders is called neurosurgery, or neurological surgery. Surgeons who operate as a treatment team for nervous system disorders are called neurological surgeons or neurosurgeons.

Rehabilitation for Neurological Disorders

The branch of medicine that provides rehabilitative care for patients with nervous system disorders is called physical medicine and rehabilitation. Doctors who work with patients in the rehabilitation process are called physiatrists.

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Online Resources of Nervous System Disorders

 

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