Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital

Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain

What is low back pain?

Illustration of lumbar spine and pelvis
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Low back pain can range from mild, dull, annoying pain, to persistent, severe, disabling pain in the lower back. Pain in the lower back can restrict mobility and interfere with normal functioning.

Low back pain is one of the most significant health problems facing society today. Consider these statistics from the National Institutes of Health:

What causes low back pain?

Even with today's technology, the exact cause of low back pain can be difficult to determine. In most cases, back pain may be a symptom of many different causes, including any or several of the following:

Can low back pain be prevented?

The following may help to prevent low back pain:

How is low back pain diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for low back pain may include the following. However, during many initial assessments and examinations, specialized tests are not necessary:

Treatment for low back pain

Specific treatment for low back pain will be determined by your doctor based on:

Treatment may include:

Low back pain rehabilitation

Generally, there are three phases to low back pain rehabilitation. These include the following:

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Online Resources of Spine, Shoulder, & Pelvis Disorders


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