Hodgkin Disease

Cancer Types - Hodgkin Disease

What is the lymphatic system?

The lymphatic system is part of the immune system, whose function is to fight disease and infections.

The lymphatic system includes:

Lymph. Fluid in which the lymphocyte cells are suspended.

Lymph vessels. Thin tubes that carry lymph fluid throughout the body.

Lymphocytes. Cells that fight infection and disease.

Lymph nodes. Bean-shaped organs, found in the underarm, groin, neck, abdomen, and other parts of the body, that act as filters for the lymph fluid as it passes through them.

What is Hodgkin disease?

Hodgkin disease is a type of lymphoma, a cancer in the lymphatic system. The American Cancer Society estimates that in 2012 about 9,060 new cases will be diagnosed, and approximately 1,190 people will die from the disease. About 10 to 15 percent of cases are found in children and teenagers.

Hodgkin disease causes the cells in the lymphatic system to abnormally reproduce, which can then form tumors in lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Hodgkin disease cells can also spread to other organs.

What are the symptoms of Hodgkin disease?

The following are the most common symptoms of Hodgkin disease. However, each individual may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

The symptoms of Hodgkin disease may resemble other blood disorders or medical problems, such as influenza or other infections. Always consult your doctor for a diagnosis.

What is a risk factor?

A risk factor is anything that may increase a person’s chance of developing a disease. It may be an activity, such as smoking, diet, family history, or many other things. Different diseases, including cancers, have different risk factors.

Although these factors can increase a person’s risk, they do not necessarily cause the disease. Some people with one or more risk factors never develop cancer, while others develop cancer and have no known risk factors.

But, knowing your risk factors to any disease can help to guide you into the appropriate actions, including changing behaviors and being clinically monitored for the disease.

What are the risk factors for Hodgkin disease?

Suggested risk factors for Hodgkin disease include the following:

How is Hodgkin disease diagnosed?

In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for Hodgkin disease may include the following:

What is the treatment for Hodgkin disease?

Specific treatment for Hodgkin disease will be determined by your doctor based on:

Treatment may include:

Please consult your doctor with any questions or concerns you may have regarding this condition.

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